Industries are increasingly moving towards wireless communication systems. Even in simple applications, we can expect a cost saving of 20-30% in the case of wireless. Wired communication cannot be totally sidelined. The application and choice of the type of communication depend on each case and specification of the industry.
The following are some advantages of industrial radio communication systems in comparison with the wired system.
- A wireless system is considered to have cost advantages over a wired system. This is true when the scale of operations increase.
- In wired systems, the cost of each instrument would mean an increase in labor, equipment, and extra wirings. But, wireless communication systems with no additional wiring can take up more devices.
- Wireless has shown considerable cost-effectiveness in areas where the wired system was in force before. This feature is the reason for an increased shift of industries towards this system.
- When the number of instruments installed is large, wireless plays an important role.
- The problems with wireless systems are manageable. An issue with wired communication leads to a total failure, but it is not the case with wireless. Here the problem is momentary and can be avoided by preventive maintenance.
- The wireless system is very flexible. New instruments can be easily added after the installation of a wireless communication system. This proves a great burden in the traditional system.
- A wireless system is considered more safe and secure. This is because this system extends to the field instrument. There is no dependence on the transmission medium.
- The opportunity for failure is lesser in wireless systems. The wired system depends on a single wire for each instrument, whereas this isn’t the case with wireless. This has a radio as a complement to a wired link.
- Short-term management is possible in wireless by implementing redundancy for automatic healing. Wireless has the ability to restructure on its own.
- The wirings in a wired system are subject to corrosion, vibration, etc. These are eliminated in the case of wireless communication.
- Wireless uses a mesh topology. This means communication can happen in multiple and parallel routes. This way it prevents any interruption in communication by way of using the other route if one fails.
A wireless communication finds its use in the following:
- Monitoring and compliance applications
- Alerts and alarms
- Control applications
- Automated safety instruments
Due to its open design, scalable system architecture, wireless systems have reasons to widen applicability. It is to be noted that the environment in which a wireless network is set up affects performance. With improvements in network capabilities like 5G, new opportunities for wireless communication systems will be open to use. Wireless with its ability to keep a watch on systems that are hard to access is proving its presence in critical infrastructure.